An insect sclerotization-inspired antifouling armor on biomedical devices combats thrombosis and embedding

  • Impact factors: 18.9
  • Publication: Bioactive Materials
  • Author:Nan Lyu, Daihua Deng, Yuting Xiang, Zeyu Du, Xiaohui Mou, Qing Ma, Nan Huang, Jing Lu, Xin Li, Zhilu Yang, Wentai Zhang
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.bioactmat.2023.12.004
  • Date:2023-12-09

Thrombus formation and tissue embedding significantly impair the clinical efficacy and retrievability of temporary interventional medical devices. Herein, we report an insect sclerotization-inspired antifouling armor for tailoring temporary interventional devices with durable resistance to protein adsorption and the following protein-mediated complications. By mimicking the phenol-polyamine chemistry assisted by phenol oxidases during sclerotization, we develop a facile one-step method to crosslink bovine serum albumin (BSA) with oxidized hydrocaffeic acid (HCA), resulting in a stable and universal BSA@HCA armor. Furthermore, the surface of the BSA@HCA armor, enriched with carboxyl groups, supports the secondary grafting of polyethylene glycol (PEG), further enhancing both its antifouling performance and durability. The synergy of robustly immobilized BSA and covalently grafted PEG provide potent resistance to the adhesion of proteins, platelets, and vascular cells in vitro . In ex vivo blood circulation experiment, the armored surface reduces thrombus formation by 95 %. Moreover, the antifouling armor retained over 60 % of its fouling resistance after 28 days of immersion in PBS. Overall, our armor engineering strategy presents a promising solution for enhancing the antifouling properties and clinical performance of temporary interventional medical devices.

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