Bone marrow stromal cell-derived exosomes improve oxidative stress and pyroptosis in doxorubicin-induced myocardial injury in vitro by regulating the transcription of GSDMD through the PI3K-AKT-Foxo1 pathway

  • Impact factors: 2.493
  • Publication: Immunity Inflammation and Disease
  • Author:Hong Zeng, Yong Yang, Fangfang Tou, Yuliang Zhan, Songtao Liu, Pengtao Zou, Yanmei Chen, Liang Shao
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1002/iid3.810
  • Date:2023-03-27

Objectives Doxorubicin (DOX) can contribute to severe myocardial injury, and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC)-exosomes (Exos) improves acute myocardial infarction. Hence, this research investigated whether BMSC-Exos alleviated DOX-induced myocardial injury. Methods BMSC-derived Exos were isolated and identified, and the optimal concentration of DOX was confirmed. H9C2 cells were treated with DOX and BMSC-Exos or in combination with the protein kinase B (AKT) inhibitor. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and JC-1 were detected to assess oxidative stress (OS) and mitochondrial membrane damage, respectively. In addition, the expression of pyroptosis-related molecules was measured. The expression of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)-AKT pathway-related proteins and the phosphorylation and acetylation of forkhead box O1 (Foxo1) in the cell nucleus and cytoplasm were tested. Last, interactions between Foxo1 and gasdermin D (GSDMD) were assessed. Results BMSC-Exo treatment increased viability and mitochondrial membrane potential and reduced lactic dehydrogenase release and ROS levels in DOX-treated H9C2 cells. Furthermore, the addition of BMSC-Exos suppressed DOX-induced activation and upregulation of NLRP3 and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing A CARD (ASC) and in vitro cleavage of caspase-1, GSDMD, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-18 proteins. Additionally, BMSC-Exo treatment enhanced the expression of phosphorylated (p)-PI3K, p-AKT, and p-mTOR in DOX-treated H9C2 cells and the levels of phosphorylated Foxo1 in the cytoplasm of DOX-treated H9C2 cells. Foxo1 was enriched in the promoter region of GSDMD. Moreover, the AKT inhibitor API-2 annulled the effects of BMSC-Exos on OS, pyroptosis, and Foxo1 phosphorylation in DOX-treated H9C2 cells. Conclusions BMSC-Exos phosphorylated Foxo1 and inactivated Foxo1 transcription via the PI3K-AKT pathway to diminish GSDMD expression, thus restraining DOX-induced pyroptosis and OS of myocardial cells.

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