Cartilage-targeting mRNA-lipid nanoparticles rescue perifocal apoptotic chondrocytes for integrative cartilage repair

  • Impact factors: 16.744
  • Publication: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
  • Author:Xinning Yu, Tengjing Xu, Huimin Shi, Jianqiao Hong, Xiaoqiang Jin, Le Cao, Jiajie Wang, Yunting Lin, Zongyou Pan, Siheng Wang, Jinghua Fang, Kaiwang Xu, Hongyun Song, Zhuxing Zhou, Sunan Zhu, Jun Yin, Yiying Qi, Xuesong Dai
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.cej.2023.142841
  • Date:2023-04-10

Integration of repair tissue with host cartilage is challenging. The persistent and drastic hypocellular interface resulting from perifocal chondrocyte apoptosis, leads to failure of cartilage repair over time. Recombinant insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has been shown to inhibit chondrocyte apoptosis in vitro. However,   low bioactivity, limited penetration and short retention are its drawbacks. Herein, a cartilage targeting ionizable lipid nanoparticle (LNP) is developed. Messenger RNA (mRNA) encoding IGF-1 is chemically modified and encapsulated by LNP (mRNA-LNP). CAQK, a peptide previously used for targeted delivery to central nervous system, is introduced to mRNA-LNP (mRNA-cLNP) to bind aggrecan enriched in cartilage. As a result, mRNA-cLNP exhibits improved penetration of cartilage and prolonged retention in joint cavity. The mRNA-cLNP also showed robust reversal of chondrocyte apoptosis. In a full-thickness chondral defect plus microfracture model, mRNA-cLNP maintained interfacial cellularity and prevented matrix degradation in cartilage-cartilage interface. This study shows that mRNA-cLNP is promising therapeutic agent for integrative cartilage repair.

Related Products

$400.00$500.00

$400.00$500.00

$400.00$500.00

$400.00$500.00

$400.00$500.00

$400.00$500.00

$400.00$500.00

EK1392

$350.00$450.00

EK1242

$350.00$450.00

EK1C01

$350.00$450.00

EK1341

$350.00$450.00

EK1334

$350.00$450.00

EK2295

$350.00$450.00

$350.00$450.00

EK2100

$350.00$450.00

EK1360

$350.00$450.00

Hot products

Hot citation