Chloroquine Intervenes Nephrotoxicity of Nilotinib through Deubiquitinase USP13-Mediated Stabilization of Bcl-XL

  • Impact factors: 15.1
  • Publication: Advanced Science
  • Author:Hao Yan,Xiangliang Huang,Jiangxin Xu,Ying Zhang,Jiajia Chen,Zhifei Xu,Hui Li,Zeng Wang,Xiaochun Yang,Bo Yang,Qiaojun He,Peihua Luo
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1002/advs.202302002
  • Date:2023-07-14

Nephrotoxicity has become prominent due to the increase in the clinical use of nilotinib, a second-generation BCR-ABL1 inhibitor in the first-line treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia. To date, the mechanism of nilotinib nephrotoxicity is still unknown, leading to a lack of clinical intervention strategies. Here, it is found that nilotinib could induce glomerular atrophy, renal tubular degeneration, and kidney fibrosis in an animal model. Mechanistically, nilotinib induces intrinsic apoptosis by specifically reducing the level of BCL2 like 1 (Bcl-XL) in both vascular endothelial cells and renal tubular epithelial cells, as well as in vivo. It is confirmed that chloroquine (CQ) intervenes with nilotinib-induced apoptosis and improves mitochondrial integrity, reactive oxygen species accumulation, and DNA damage by reversing the decreased Bcl-XL. The intervention effect is dependent on the alleviation of the nilotinib-induced reduction in ubiquitin specific peptidase 13 (USP13) and does not rely on autophagy inhibition. Additionally, it is found that USP13 abrogates cell apoptosis by preventing excessive ubiquitin‒proteasome degradation of Bcl-XL. In conclusion, the research reveals the molecular mechanism of nilotinib’s nephrotoxicity, highlighting USP13 as an important regulator of Bcl-XL stability in determining cell fate, and provides CQ analogs as a clinical intervention strategy for nilotinib’s nephrotoxicity.

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