CHMP4B and VSP4A reverse GSDMD-mediated pyroptosis by cell membrane remodeling in endometrial carcinoma

  • Impact factors: 3
  • Publication: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS
  • Author:Ye Yang, Hai-Lian Chen, Su Fang Wu, Wei Bao
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.bbagen.2023.130497
  • Date:2023-11-04

Background In advanced and recurrent endometrial carcinoma (EC), the current state of immuno- or targeted therapy remains in the clinical research phase. Our study aimed to explore the role of the ESCRT machinery in maintaining cell membrane integrity and reversing pyroptotic cell death. Methods Immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and co-immunoprecipitation were performed to determine the expression and relationship between GSDMD, CHMP4B, and VPS4A. We employed techniques such as FITC Annexin V/propidium iodide staining, Ca 2+ fluorescence intensity, IL-1β enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and lactate dehydrogenase release assay to detect pyroptosis in endometrial cancer cells. Plasma membrane perforations and CHMP4B/VPS4A puncta were observed through electron and fluorescence confocal microscopy. Results We showed that GSDMD, CHMP4B, and VPS4A were differentially expressed in the pyroptotic EC xenograft mouse model group, as well as high, moderate, and mild expression in EC cells treated with LPS and nigericin compared to endometrial epithelial cells. Co-IP confirmed the interaction between GSDMD, CHMP4B, and VPS4A. We found that GSDMD knockdown reduced PI-positive cells, Ca 2+ efflux, IL-1β, and LDH release, while CHMP4B and VPS4A depletion enhanced these indicators in HEC1A and AN3CA cells. Electron microscopy showed membrane perforations correspondingly decreased with inactivated GSDMD and increased or decreased after CHMP4B and VPS4A depletion or overexpression in EC cells. Fluorescence confocal microscopy detected CHMP4B protein puncta associated with VPS4A at the injured plasma membrane in GSDMD NT cells. Conclusions We preliminary evidenced that CHMP4B and VPS4A reverses GSDMD-mediated pyroptosis by facilitating cell membrane remodeling in endometrial carcinoma. Targeting CHMP4B related proteins may promote pyroptosis in endometrial tumors.

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