Combination of curcumin and catalase protects against chondrocyte injury and knee osteoarthritis progression by suppressing oxidative stress

  • Impact factors: 7.5
  • Publication: BIOMEDICINE & PHARMACOTHERAPY
  • Author:Bohao Chen, Qi He, Chuyi Chen, Yuewei Lin, Jiacong Xiao, Zhaofeng Pan, Miao Li, Shaocong Li, Junzheng Yang, FanChen Wang, Jiaxu Zeng, Yanzi Yi, Weijin Chi, Kai Meng, Haibin Wang, Peng Chen
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.biopha.2023.115751
  • Date:2023-10-24

Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA) is an age-related progressive degenerative joint disease, which is featured with pain, joint deformity, and disability. Accumulating evidence indicated oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the occurrence and development of KOA. Curcumin is a polyphenolic compound with significant antioxidant activity among various diseases while catalase (CAT) is an enzyme degrading hydrogen peroxide in treating oxidative diseases. We previously showed that the expression of CAT was low in cartilage. However, the combination of curcumin and CAT in KOA is still elusive. In this study, we demonstrated that the combination of curcumin and CAT has the potential to inhibit the IL1β-induced chondrocyte apoptosis without cytotoxicity in vitro. Mechanistically, we found that the synergistic application curcumin and CAT not only promotes curcumin’s regulation of the NRF2/HO-1 signaling pathway to enhance antioxidant enzyme expression to remove superoxide radicals, but also CAT can further remove downstream hydrogen peroxide which enhances the ability to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS). In vivo, studies revealed that combination of curcumin and catalase could better inhibit oxidative stress-induced chondrocyte injury by promoting the expression of ROS scavenging enzymes. In sum, the combination of curcumin and catalase can be used to treat KOA. Thus, combination of curcumin and catalase may act as a novel therapeutic agent to manage KOA and our research gives a rationale for their combined use in the therapeutic of KOA.

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