Cryptotanshinone alleviates lipopolysaccharide and cigarette smoke-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in mice via the Keap1/Nrf2 axis

  • Impact factors: 7.5
  • Publication: BIOMEDICINE & PHARMACOTHERAPY
  • Author:Hongjia Song,Lujing Jiang,Wanchun Yang,Yuxing Dai,Yao Wang,Zhuoming Li,Peiqing Liu,Jianwen Chen
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.biopha.2023.115105
  • Date:2023-07-01

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity worldwide. Cigarette smoking, which leads to abnormalities in the airways or alveoli and persistent obstruction of the airway’s flow, is a significant risk factor of COPD. Cryptotanshinone (CTS) is the active ingredient in Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen) and has many pharmacological properties including anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and antioxidant properties, but its impact on COPD is uncertain. In the present study, the potential effect of CTS on COPD was investigated in a modified COPD mice model induced with cigarette smoke (CS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure. CTS significantly reversed the decline in lung function, emphysema, inflammatory cell infiltration, small airway remodeling, pulmonary pathological damage, and airway epithelial cell proliferation in CS- and LPS-exposed mice. Additionally, CTS decreased inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor α (TNF α), interleukins IL-6 and IL-1β, and keratinocyte chemoattractant (KC), increased the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT) and L -Glutathione (GSH), and repressed the expression of protein hydrolases matrix metalloprotein (MMP)− 9 and − 12 in pulmonary tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). The protective effects of CTS were also observed in human bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B simulated with cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) and LPS. Mechanistically, CTS can repress the protein level of Keap1, resulting to activation of erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2), finally alleviating COPD. In summary, the present findings demonstrated that CTS dramatically ameliorates COPD induced by CS and LPS via activating Keap1/Nrf2 pathway.

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