Delivery of miR-130a-3p Through Adipose-Derived Stem Cell-Secreted EVs Protects Against Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy via DNMT1/NRF2/HIF1α/ACTA1 Axis

  • Impact factors: 5.682
  • Publication: MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY
  • Author:Chen Ji, Li Gengzhang, Liu Xinxin, Chen Kemin, Wang Yuxia, Qin Jie, Yang Fengrui
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1007/s12035-023-03297-9
  • Date:2023-03-18

Peripheral neuropathy is common in diabetic patients and can lead to amputations or foot ulcers. microRNAs (miRNAs) possess crucial roles in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). This study aims to investigate the role miR-130a-3p played in DPN and its underlying molecular mechanisms. miR-130a-3p expression in clinical tissue samples, established DPN rat models, and extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) were determined. Schwann cells (SCs) were co-cultured with ADSC-derived EVs and treated with high glucose. The direct relationship and functional significance of miR-130a-3p, DNMT1, nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (NRF2), hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF1α), and skeletal muscle actin alpha 1 (ACTA1) was identified. The in vitro and in vivo implication of ADSC-derived EVs carrying miR-130a-3p was assessed. miR-130a-3p was poorly expressed in DPN patients and rats but highly expressed in ADSC-derived EVs. miR-130a-3p could be delivered to SCs through ADSC-derived EVs to inhibit SC apoptosis and promote proliferation under a high-glucose environment. miR-130a-3p activated NRF2/HIF1α/ACTA1 axis through down-regulating DNMT1. In vivo injection of ADSC-derived EVs activated NRF2/HIF1α/ACTA11 axis to promote angiogenesis in DPN rat model. These data together supported that ADSC-derived EVs carrying miR-130a-3p could alleviate DPN by accelerating SC proliferation and inhibiting apoptosis, providing a potential treatment against DPN.

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