Exercise-induced endothelial Mecp2 lactylation suppresses atherosclerosis via the Ereg/MAPK signalling pathway

  • Impact factors: 6.847
  • Publication: ATHEROSCLEROSIS
  • Author:Yanan Wang, Liangqi Chen, Meiju Zhang, Xin Li, Xueyan Yang, Tuo Huang, Yunting Ban, Yunqi Li, Qifeng Li, Yang Zheng, Yong Sun, Jian Wu, Bo Yu
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2023.05.009
  • Date:2023-05-11

Background and aims Lactylation, a recently identified post-translational modification (PTM), plays a central role in the regulation of multiple physiological and pathological processes. Exercise is known to provide protection against cardiovascular disease. However, whether exercise-generated lactate changes lactylation and is involved in the exercise-induced attenuation of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of exercise-induced lactylation on ASCVD. Methods and results Using the high-fat diet-induced apolipoprotein-deficient mouse model of ASCVD, we found that exercise training promoted Mecp2 lysine lactylation (Mecp2k271la); it also decreased the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (Vcam-1), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (Icam-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (Mcp-1), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and increased the level of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (Enos) in the aortic tissue of mice. To explore the underlying mechanisms, mouse aortic endothelial cells (MAECs) were subjected to RNA-sequencing and CHIP-qPCR, which confirmed that Mecp2k271la repressed the expression of epiregulin (Ereg) by binding to its chromatin, demonstrating Ereg as a key downstream molecule for Mecp2k271la. Furthermore, Ereg altered the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway through regulating the phosphorylation level of epidermal growth factor receptor, thereby affecting the expression of Vcam-1, Icam-1, Mcp-1, IL-1β, IL-6, and Enos in ECs, which in turn promoted the regression of atherosclerosis. In addition, increasing the level of Mecp2k271la by exogenous lactate administration in vivo also inhibits the expression of Ereg and the MAPK activity in ECs, resulting in repressed atherosclerotic progression. Conclusions In summary, this study provides a mechanistic link between exercise and lactylation modification, offering new insight into the anti-atherosclerotic effects of exercise-induced PTM.

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