Exosome miRNA-203 promotes M1 macrophage polarization and inhibits prostate cancer tumor progression

  • Impact factors: 4.3
  • Publication: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY
  • Author:Zhang Lian-Sheng, Chen Qi-Chao, Zong Hong-Tao, Xia Qiang
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1007/s11010-023-04854-5
  • Date:2023-10-09

Prostate cancer (PCa) is a prevalent malignant neoplasm affecting the male reproductive system globally. However, the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches fall short of meeting the demands posed by PCa. Poor expression of miRNA-203 (miR-203) within PCa tissues and cells implies its potential utility as a diagnostic indicator for PCa. Exosomes (Exo), membranous vesicles released by various cells, are rich reservoirs of miRNAs. However, the presence of miR-203 presents within Exo derived from PCa cells remains unclarified. In this study, Exo was isolated from urine specimens collected from clinical PCa patients and LNCaP cells to detect miR-203 expression. Meanwhile, the impact of overexpressed miR-203 on M0 macrophages (mø) was analyzed. Subsequently, alterations in the proliferative, migratory, and invasive capacities of LNCaP cells were examined within a co-culture system featuring elevated miR-203 levels in both macrophages and LNCaP cells. Furthermore, the repercussions of miR-203 upregulation or inhibition were explored in a murine PCa tumor model. The results revealed that Exo manifested a circular or elliptical morphology, encapsulating a phospholipid bilayer approximately 100 nm in diameter. Notably, Exo readily infiltrated, with both Exo and miR-203-overexpressing Exo prompting macrophage polarization toward the M1 subtype. In the co-culture system, miR-203 exhibited pronounced suppression of LNCaP cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while concurrently fostering apoptosis as compared with the LNCaP group (Control). In vivo experiments further disclosed that miR-203 greatly inhibited the growth of PCa tumors in nude mice. Markedly heightened expression of M1 macrophage markers such as IL-1β, IL-6, IL-12, CXCL9, and CXCL10 was observed within the tumor microenvironment following miR-203 intervention, as opposed to the model group. However, the introduction of miR-203 antagomir led to a reversal in tumor growth trends. This investigation indicates the presence of miR-203 within the urine of PCa patients and Exo originating from cells, and that miR-203 exerted antitumor effect by facilitating M1 macrophage polarization. Our study furnishes valuable insights into the potential applicability of miR-203 as a diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic target for PCa.

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