FABP4 in macrophages facilitates obesity-associated pancreatic cancer progression via the NLRP3/IL-1β axis

  • Impact factors: 9.7
  • Publication: CANCER LETTERS
  • Author:Jian Yang, Shujie Liu, Yongzheng Li, Zhiyao Fan, Yufan Meng, Bin Zhou, Guangyong Zhang, Hanxiang Zhan
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2023.216403
  • Date:2023-09-21

Obesity is an essential risk factor for pancreatic cancer (PC). Macrophage-induced inflammation plays a pivotal role in obesity-associated carcinogenesis and disease progression; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we found that fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) overexpressed in serum of obese patients and was associated with poor overall survival. In vivo and in vitro experiments have revealed that FABP4 induces macrophage-related inflammation to promote cancer cell migration, invasion and metastasis under obese conditions. Mechanistically, FABP4 participates in transferring saturated fatty acid to induce macrophages pyroptosis in a caspase-1/GSDMD-dependent manner and mediates NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3 (NLRP3)/IL-1β axis in macrophages, which further regulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition signals to promote the migration, invasion, and metastasis of PC cells. Our results suggest that FABP4 in macrophages is a crucial regulator of the NLRP3/IL-1β axis to promote the progression of PC under obese conditions, which could act as a promising molecular target for treating of PC patients with obesity.

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