Integrating network pharmacology and experimental models to examine the mechanisms of corosolic acid in preventing hepatocellular carcinoma progression through activation PERK-eIF2a-ATF4 signaling

  • Impact factors: 3.6
  • Publication: NAUNYN-SCHMIEDEBERGS ARCHIVES OF PHARMACOLOGY
  • Author:Tang Feifeng, Peng Yingxiu, Liu Jingjin, Gao Wenhui, Xu Yanfeng
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1007/s00210-023-02560-z
  • Date:2023-06-09

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most prevalent form of liver cancer, with a high recurrence rate and heterogeneity. We aimed to examine the effect of corosolic acid (CRA) on HCC. We employed transcriptomics to validate the target molecules in CRA-treated HCC cells and conducted enrichment analyses that revealed their involvement in the regulation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis. Our experimental data indicated that CRA markedly induced apoptosis in human HCC cell lines through the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. We also revealed that the pro-apoptotic effects of CRA depended on ER stress, as pretreatment with selective ERS inhibitor salubrinal effectively reversed CRA-induced cell apoptosis. Furthermore, the knockdown of the unfolded protein response (UPR) protein CHOP remarkably abrogated CRA-induced expression of ER stress-associated proteins. Collectively, our results suggest that CRA triggers ER stress-mediated apoptosis in HCC cells via activation of the PERK-eIF2a-ATF4 pathway. Our findings provide novel insights into the potential therapeutic strategies for HCC.

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