LRP12 is an endogenous transmembrane inactivator of α4 integrins.

  • Impact factors: 8.8
  • Publication: Cell Reports
  • Author:Huang M, Lu L, Lin C, Zheng Y, Pan X, Wang S, Chen S, Zhang Y, Liu C, Ge G, Zeng YA, Chen J
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2023.112667
  • Date:2023-06-17

Dynamic regulation of integrin activation and inactivation is critical for precisely controlled cell adhesion and migration in physiological and pathological processes. The molecular basis for integrin activation has been intensively studied; however, the understanding of integrin inactivation is still limited. Here, we identify LRP12 as an endogenous transmembrane inhibitor for α4 integrin activation. The LRP12 cytoplasmic domain directly binds to the integrin α4 cytoplasmic tail and inhibits talin binding to the β subunit, thus keeping integrin inactive. In migrating cells, LRP12-α4 interaction induces nascent adhesion (NA) turnover at the leading-edge protrusion. Knockdown of LRP12 leads to increased NAs and enhanced cell migration. Consistently, LRP12-deficient T cells show an enhanced homing capability in mice and lead to aggravated chronic colitis in a T cell-transfer colitis model. Altogether, LRP12 is a transmembrane inactivator for integrins that inhibits α4 integrin activation and controls cell migration by maintaining balanced NA dynamics.

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