MiR-326 sponges TET2 triggering imbalance of Th17/Treg differentiation to exacerbate pyroptosis of hepatocytes in concanavalin A-induced autoimmune hepatitis

  • Impact factors: 3.8
  • Publication: Annals of Hepatology
  • Author:Genglin Zhang, Sensen Wu, Guangtao Xia
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.aohep.2023.101183
  • Date:2023-12-01

Introduction and Objectives MicroRNA-326 is abnormally expressed in autoimmune diseases, but its roles in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) are unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of miR-326 on AIH and the underlying mechanism. Materials and Methods Concanavalin A was administrated to induce AIH in mice and the expression levels of miR-326 and TET2 was evaluated by qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. The percentages of Th17 and Treg cells were evaluated by flow cytometry and their marker proteins were determined by western blot and ELISA. The mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and ROS level were tested with the JC-1 kit and DCFH-DA assay. The binding relationships between miR-326 and TET2 were verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The liver tissues were stained by the HE staining. In vitro, AML12 cells were cocultured with mouse CD4+T cells. The expression levels of pyroptosis-related proteins were assessed by western blot. Results Concanavalin A triggered AIH and enhanced the expression level of miR-326 in mice. It increased both Th17/Treg ratio and the levels of their marker proteins. The expression of TET2 was decreased in AIH mice. Knockdown of miR-326 could decrease the levels of pyroptosis-related proteins, the ROS level and increase MMP. In mouse CD4+T cells, miR-326 sponged TET2 to release IL-17A. Coculture of AML12 cells with isolated CD4+T cells from miR-326 knockdown AIH mice could relieve pyroptosis. Conclusions Knockdown of miR-326 exerted anti-pyroptosis effects via suppressing TET2 and downstream NF-κB signaling to dampen AIH. We highlighted a therapeutic target in AIH.

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