Murine Cytomegalovirus Infection Induced miR-1929-3p Down-Regulation Promotes the Proliferation and Apoptosis of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells in Mice by Targeting Endothelin A Receptor and Downstream NLRP3 Activation Pathway

  • Impact factors: 2.86
  • Publication: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Author:He Lijuan, Zhou Wei, Wang Lamei, Tang Na, Wang Yongjia, Zhong Hua, Tang Yan, Xi Dongmei, He Fang
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1007/s12033-023-00720-3
  • Date:2023-04-06

Our previous study demonstrated in vivo that mouse cytomegalovirus (MCMV) infection promoted vascular remodeling after downregulation of miR-1929-3p. This study aimed to investigate the role of miR-1929-3p/ETAR/NLRP3 pathway in mouse vascular smooth muscle cells (MOVAS) after MCMV infection. First, PCR was used to detect the success of the infection. Second, MOVAS were transfected with the miR-1929-3p mimic, inhibitor, and ETAR overexpressed adenovirus vector. Cell proliferation was detected using EdU, whereas apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry. The expression of miR-1929-3p and ETAR were detected using qRT-PCR. Western blot detected proteins of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and the NLRP3 inflammasome. Interleukin-1β and interleukin-18 were determined using ELISA. The results revealed that after 48 h, MCMV infection promoted the proliferation of MOVAS when the MOI was 0.01. MCMV infection increased ETAR by downregulating miR-1929-3p. The miR-1929-3p mimic reversed the proliferation and apoptosis, whereas the miR-1929-3p inhibitor promoted this effect. ETAR overexpression further promoted MCMV infection by downregulating miR-1929-3p-mediated proliferation and apoptosis. MCMV infection mediates the downregulation of miR-1929-3p and the upregulation of ETAR, which activates NLRP3 inflammasome. In conclusion, MCMV infection promoted the proliferation of MOVAS, possibly by downregulating miR-1929-3p, promoting the upregulation of the target gene ETAR and activating NLRP3 inflammasome.

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