RRM2 as a novel prognostic and therapeutic target of NF1-associated MPNST

  • Impact factors: 7.051
  • Publication: CELLULAR ONCOLOGY
  • Author:Chung Man-Hon, Aimaier Rehanguli, Yu Qingxiong, Li Haibo, Li Yuehua, Wei Chengjiang, Gu Yihui, Wang Wei, Guo Zizhen, Long Manmei, Li Qingfeng, Wang Zhichao
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1007/s13402-023-00819-4
  • Date:2023-04-22

Background Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are aggressive sarcomas that typically develop in the setting of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and cause significant morbidity. Conventional therapies are often ineffective for MPNSTs. Ribonucleotide reductase subunit M2 (RRM2) is involved in DNA synthesis and repair, and is overexpressed in multiple cancers. However, its role in NF1-associated MPNSTs remains unknown. Our objective was to determine the therapeutic and prognostic potential of RRM2 in NF1-associated MPNSTs. Methods Identification of hub genes was performed by using NF1-associated MPNST microarray datasets. We detected RRM2 expression by immunochemical staining in an MPNST tissue microarray, and assessed the clinical and prognostic significance of RRM2 in an MPNST cohort. RRM2 knockdown and the RRM2 inhibitor Triapine were used to assess cell proliferation and apoptosis in NF1-associated MPNST cells in vitro and in vivo. The underlying mechanism of RRM2 in NF1-associated MPNST was revealed by transcriptome analysis. Results RRM2 is a key hub gene and its expression is significantly elevated in NF1-associated MPNST. We revealed that high RRM2 expression accounted for a larger proportion of NF1-associated MPNSTs and confirmed the correlation of high RRM2 expression with poor overall survival. Knockdown of RRM2 inhibited NF1-associated MPNST cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis and S-phase arrest. The RRM2 inhibitor Triapine displayed dose-dependent inhibitory effects in vitro and induced significant tumor growth reduction in vivo in NF1-associated MPNST. Analysis of transcriptomic changes induced by RRM2 knockdown revealed suppression of the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway. Overexpression of RRM2 activates the AKT pathway to promote NF1-associated MPNST cell proliferation. Conclusions RRM2 expression is significantly elevated in NF1-associated MPNST and that high RRM2 expression correlates with poorer outcomes. RRM2 acts as an integral part in the promotion of NF1-associated MPNST cell proliferation via the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway. Inhibition of RRM2 may be a promising therapeutic strategy for NF1-associated MPNST.

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