S-allylmercaptocysteine promotes anti-tumor immunity by suppressing PD-L1 expression

  • Impact factors: 7.419
  • Publication: BIOMEDICINE & PHARMACOTHERAPY
  • Author:Jianxiong Zhao, Yueyue Sun, Peng Gao, Zhongxi Zhao, Guangwei Wei
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.biopha.2023.114446
  • Date:2023-03-01

SAMC (S-allylmercaptocysteine) possesses significant anti-tumor effects and is proven to inhibit inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The potential to regulate the immune system of SAMC inspired us to detect whether SAMC can promote anti-tumor immunity. Here we found that SAMC inhibits tumor development and progression by boosting CD8 + T cell and NK cell infiltration and decreasing the frequency of immune suppressing Treg cells in tumor tissue and enhancing the systemic immune function. Mechanistically, we found that SAMC suppresses PD-L1 expression at transcriptional level to increase the activation of anti-tumor cytotoxic T cells. Finally, we proved that SAMC inhibits PD-L1 transcription by suppressing the phosphorylation activation of STAT3. In conclusion, our findings reveal that SAMC is a potent immunity regulator and a potential agent for immune checkpoint inhibition in tumor therapy.

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