The circadian rhythm gene Bmal1 ameliorates acute deoxynivalenol-induced liver damage

  • Impact factors: 6.168
  • Publication: ARCHIVES OF TOXICOLOGY
  • Author:Yang, Liu-Nan, Xu, Shiyin, Tang, Mingmeng, Zhou, Xiaolei, Liao, Yuxiao, Nüssler, Andreas K., Liu, Liegang, Yang, Wei
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1007/s00204-022-03431-x
  • Date:2023-01-05

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is widely emerging in various grain crops, milk, and wine products, which can trigger different toxic effects on humans and animals by inhalation or ingestion. It also imposes a considerable financial loss on the agriculture and food industry each year. Previous studies have reported acute and chronic toxicity of DON in liver, and liver is not only the main detoxification organ for DON but also the circadian clock oscillator directly or indirectly regulates critical physiologically hepatic functions under different physiological and pathological conditions. However, researches on the association of circadian rhythm in DON-induced liver damage are limited. In the present study, mice were divided into four groups (CON, DON, Bmal1OE, and Bmal1OE + DON) and AAV8 was used to activate (Bmal1) expression in liver. Then mice were gavaged with 5 mg/kg bw/day DON or saline at different time points (ZT24 = 0, 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 h) in 1 day and were sacrificed 30 min after oral gavage. The inflammatory cytokines, signal transducers, and activators of transcription Janus kinase/signal transducers and activator of transcription 3 (JAKs/STAT3) pathway and bile acids levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), western blotting, and target metabolomics, respectively. The DON group showed significantly elevated interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels (P < 0.05 for both) and impaired liver function with rhythm disturbances compared to the CON and Bmal1OE groups. At the molecular level, expressions of some circadian clock proteins were significantly downregulated (P < 0.05 for both) and JAKs/STAT3 pathway was activated during DON exposure, accompanied by indicated circadian rhythm disturbance and inflammatory damage. Importantly, Bmal1 overexpression attenuated DON-induced liver damage, while related hepatic bile acids such as cholic acid (CA) showed a decreasing trend in the DON group compared with the CON group. Our study demonstrates a novel finding that Bmal1 plays a critical role in attenuating liver damage by inhibiting inflammatory levels and maintaining bile acids levels under the DON condition. Therefore, Bmal1 may also be a potential molecular target for reducing the hepatotoxic effects of DON in future studies.

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