Upregulation of CD39 During Gout Attacks Promotes Spontaneous Remission of Acute Gouty Inflammation

  • Impact factors: 5.1
  • Publication: INFLAMMATION
  • Author:Luo Chengyu, Liu Xingyue, Liu Yiming, Shao Huijun, Gao Jie, Tao Jinhui
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1007/s10753-023-01936-w
  • Date:2023-12-06

Gout is a self-limiting form of inflammatory arthropathy caused by the formation of urate crystals due to hyperuricemia. The resolution of gout involves the transition of proinflammatory M1-type macrophages to anti-inflammatory M2-type macrophages, as well as neutrophil-mediated extracellular trap (NET) formation. However, the underlying mechanisms of these changes are not clear. Studies have confirmed that high expression of CD39 on macrophages and neutrophils can trigger the polarization of macrophages from a proinflammatory state to an anti-inflammatory state. Recent studies have shown that the pathogenesis of gout involves extracellular ATP (eATP), and the synergistic effect of MSU and extracellular ATP can cause gout. CD39 is a kind of ATP hydrolysis enzyme that can degrade eATP, suggesting that CD39 may inhibit the aggravation of inflammation in gout and participate in the remission mechanism of gout. To confirm this hypothesis, using data mining and flow cytometry, we first found that CD39 expression was significantly upregulated on CD14 + monocytes and neutrophils in gout patients during the acute phase. Inhibition of CD39 by lentivirus or a CD39 inhibitor in acute gout models aggravated gouty arthritis and delayed gout remission. Apyrase, a functional analog of CD39, can significantly reduce the inflammatory response and promote gout remission in acute gout model mice. Our findings confirm that the upregulation of CD39 during gout flare-ups promotes spontaneous remission of acute gouty inflammation.

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