CARM1 deficiency inhibits osteoblastic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and delays osteogenesis in mice

  • Impact factors: 5.1
  • Publication: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-MOLECULAR CELL RESEARCH
  • Author:Jing-Yi Li,Ting-Ting Wang,Li Ma,Li-Li Zheng
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.bbamcr.2023.119544
  • Date:2023-07-17

Bone repair remains a clinical challenge due to low osteogenic capacity. Coactivator associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1) is a protein arginine methyltransferase that mediates arginine methylation and endochondral ossification. However, the roles of CARM1 in osteoblastic differentiation and bone remodeling have not been explored. In our study, heterozygous CARM1-knockout (KO) mice were generated using the CRISPR-Cas9 system and a model of femoral defect was created. At day 7 postsurgery, CARM1-KO mice exhibited obvious bone loss compared with wild type (WT) mice, as evidenced by reduced bone mineral density (BMD), bone volume/total volume (BV/TV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), and trabecular number (Tb.N), and increased trabecular separation (Tb.Sp). Deletion of CARM1 in mice lowered synthesis and accumulation of collagen at the injury sites. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and osteogenic-related gene expression were declined in CARM1-KO mice. To further understand the role of CARM1 in osteoblastic differentiation, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were isolated from the tibia and femur of WT or CARM1-KO mice. CARM1 deletion decreased histone arginine methylation and inhibited osteoblastic differentiation and mineralization. The mRNA sequencing of CARM1-KO BMSCs revealed the possible regulatory molecules by CARM1, which could deepen our understanding of CARM1 regulatory mechanisms. These data could be of interest to basic researchers and provide the direction for future research into bone-related disorders.

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