Discovery of novel organoarsenicals as robust thioredoxin reductase inhibitors for oxidative stress mediated cancer therapy

  • Impact factors: 5.8
  • Publication: BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY
  • Author:Wenyan She, Xuemin Shi, Tingting Liu, Yujiao Liu, Yi Liu
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2023.115908
  • Date:2023-11-04

Targeting overexpressed thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) in cancer cells to induce oxidative stress has been proved to be an effective strategy for cancer therapy. However, the treatment was hindered by the low efficiency and frequent administration of TrxR inhibitors, and hence more potent TrxR inhibitors were urgently needed. Herein, we designed and synthesized a series of TrxR inhibitors based on arsenicals. Among these, compound 1d inhibited the proliferation of a variety of cancer cells at low micromolar concentrations and exhibited low toxicity to normal cells. Importantly, compound 1d induced the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by inhibiting the TrxR activity, further causing the collapse of the redox system, mitochondrial dysfunction, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and DNA damage, followed by oxidative stress-induced cell apoptosis. In vivo data showed that, compared with the clinical TrxR inhibitor auranofin (AUR), compound 1d could more effectively eliminate tumors by 90 % at a dose of 1.5 mg/kg without any obvious side effects. These results indicated that compound 1d was a potent TrxR inhibitor against cancer.

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