Effects of periodic mechanical stress on cytoskeleton dependent lipid raft-induced integrin ɑ1 activation in rat nucleus pulposus cells

  • Impact factors: 3.156
  • Publication: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR HISTOLOGY
  • Author:Gao, Gongming, Ren, Kewei, Chen, Liang, Li, Xinru, Li, Zitong, Liu, Yang, Ouyang, Chenxi, Wang, Hao, Nong, Luming, Xie, Hua
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1007/s10735-023-10112-1
  • Date:2023-01-31

Extracellular matrix (ECM) production and nucleus pulposus (NP) cell migration increase under periodic mechanical stress (PMS), but the underpinning regulatory mechanism remains unclear. This work aimed to examine the regulatory effects of cytoskeleton-lipid raft-integrin α1 signaling in NP cells exposed to PMS. Briefly, In NP cells, cytoskeleton rearrangement, lipid raft aggregation and integrin α1 expression in the stress and control groups were assessed by immunofluorescent staining and immunoblot. In addition, cell migration and ECM gene expression were detected by a scratch test and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT‑PCR), respectively. As a result, PMS up-regulated ECM gene expression and enhanced NP cell migration (both P < 0.05), accompanied by increased integrin α1, lipid raft, caveolin-3, F-actin and β-tubulin amounts. Pretreatment with the lipid raft inhibitor methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD) or small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting caveolin-3 resulted in decreased ECM mRNA synthesis and cell migration induced by PMS (both P < 0.05); meanwhile, integrin α1 expression was also reduced. F-actin and β-tubulin inhibition by cytochalasin D and colchicine, respectively, not only reduced ECM mRNA synthesis and cell migration (both P < 0.05), but also disrupted lipid raft and caveolin-3 amount increases induced by PMS in NP cells. In conclusion, PMS promotes ECM mRNA up-regulation and cell migration through the cytoskeleton-lipid raft-integrin α1 signaling pathway, inhibiting cytoskeleton and lipid rafts could block the cellular effects.

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