Inhaled pulmonary surfactant biomimetic liposomes for reversing idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis through synergistic therapeutic strategy

  • Impact factors: 14
  • Publication: BIOMATERIALS
  • Author:Binghua Wang, Yiwen Gao, Lulu sun, Meng Xue, Mingjin Wang, Zhenzhong Zhang, Lirong Zhang, Hongling Zhang
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2023.122404
  • Date:2023-11-17

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) stands as a highly heterogeneous and deadly lung disease, yet the available treatment options remain limited. Combining myofibroblast inhibition with ROS modulation in damaged AECs offers a comprehensive strategy to halt IPF progression, but delivering drugs separately to these cell types is challenging. Inspired by the successful application of pulmonary surfactant (PS) replacement therapy in lung disease treatment, we have developed PS nano-biomimetic liposomes (PSBs) to utilize its natural transport pathway for targeting AECs while reducing lung tissue clearance. In this collaborative pulmonary drug delivery system, PSBs composed of DPPC/POPG/DPPG/CHO (20:9:5:4) were formulated for inhalation. These PSBs loaded with ROS-scavenger astaxanthin (AST) and anti-fibrosis drug pirfenidone (PFD) were aerosolized for precise quantification and mimicking patient inhalation. Through aerosol inhalation, the lipid membrane of PSBs gradually fused with natural PS, enabling AST delivery to AECs by hitchhiking with PS circulation. Simultaneously, PFD was released within the PS barrier, effectively penetrating lung tissue to exert therapeutic effects. In vivo results have shown that PSBs offer numerous therapeutic advantages in mice with IPF, particularly in terms of lung function recovery. This approach addresses the challenges of drug delivery to specific lung cells and offers potential benefits for IPF patients.

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