RCC1 functions as a tumor facilitator in clear cell renal cell carcinoma by dysregulating cell cycle, apoptosis, and EZH2 stability

  • Impact factors: 4
  • Publication: Cancer Medicine
  • Author:Yunfei Wu, Zhijie Xu, Xiaoyi Chen, Guanghou Fu, Junjie Tian, Baiye Jin
  • DOI citation-doi:10.1002/cam4.6594
  • Date:2023-09-25

Background RCC1 functions as a pivotal guanine nucleotide exchange factor and was reported to be involved in mitosis, the assembly of the nuclear envelope, nucleocytoplasmic transport in cell physiological processes. Recent studies reported that RCC1 could regulate immunological pathways and promote the growth of some malignant solid tumors. However, the prognostic value and exact function of RCC1 remain unknown in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (cRCC). Methods The UALCAN and KM plotter portals were used to analyze the expression profile and related tumor prognosis of RCC1 in ccRCC using data from TCGA. The expression profile of RCC1 was also confirmed in clinical samples using qRT-PCR, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. The role of RCC1 on ccRCC cells in vitro was confirmed by a series of functional assays. Animal experiments were performed to verify the suppressive effect of RCC1 knockdown on tumor growth in vivo. The correlation of RCC1 expression with that of EZH2 was explored in clinical samples using IHC. The interaction between RCC1 and EZH2 was further verified using a CO-IP assay and a protein stability assay. Results RCC1 was upregulated in ccRCC tissues compared with normal tissues in TCGA dataset and paired clinical samples. RCC1 promoted ccRCC progression by accelerating the cell cycle and suppressing apoptosis. In addition, RCC1 could bind EZH2 and regulate its expression at the posttranscriptional level. RCC1 and EZH2 expression showed a strong correlation in clinical samples. Further investigation proved that RCC1 regulated EZH2 protein stability through the ubiquitin–proteasome pathway. Conclusions RCC1 could be a potential therapeutic target in ccRCC. The RCC1/EZH2 axis takes part in the development of ccRCC.

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